Cross Posted on Medium

TL;DR : The curfew, or the “in-time restriction”, is a 40-year old rule at BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus that decreed that all residents of the girls’ hostel (Meera Bhawan) have to return to their hostels by 11.30pm. In DTU this time is 9pm. In NSIT this time is 8.30pm. Defaulting on this rule often leads to strict action. On November 19th, 2016, this mail reached the inbox of all the residents of Pilani campus.

Excerpt :
“…in a historic decision, after a two-day door-to-door survey and discussions with the institute, the in-time curfew on Meera Bhawan residents has been removed by the Institute.”
The aftermath of Nirbhaya saw many Indian colleges tightening the rules for their women students. Those institutions which for all these years had the temerity to persist with rules that even prevented their male and female students from interacting with each other brazenly used this incident as a way of espousing their abnormal policies. This was thankfully enough provocation for the UGC to issue some very strong words about how discriminatory rules and timings which constrained women were not acceptable ways of keeping them safe and the proper strategy was to empower them. The University Grants Commission (UGC) and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) have banned the imposition of discriminatory rules, including hostel curfews for women. Violations might result in withdrawal of recognition of the institution imposing such rules. However, even after this, curfews still exist.
There has been a spate of student-led initiatives (for e.g. Pinjra Tod movement at Delhi University) to remove gender discriminatory rules, but most fizzle out . The example of the successful curfew removal at BITS Pilani hence serves as a precedent for colleges all over India and a much-needed ray of hope. I’m writing this post because as one of the people who led the charge in the events leading up to the removal of the curfew, I have been asked multiple times how it was done and how it can be replicated, so I’m documenting my experiences here so that other people in other colleges may benefit from them. The method we used at Pilani campus was used in BITS Goa too, where the curfew was removed about a week later.(Hyderabad campus has curfew at 12.30 for both genders, and I’m not aware of the Dubai campus curfew). Here are answers to a few important questions :
Why did you, a guy, take this up? Shouldn’t someone from the girls’ hostel have done it?
Ok, so full disclaimer here : Feminism is a two-way street. It’s not some heroic macho super-deed to care about the problems that affect the opposite sex - if you as a guy do really care about equality, then it’s common sense that you can’t just care about your own equality. With that out of the way, here are the practical reasons this hasn’t been solved by female-only protests :
Female students who bring this up are regularly denigrated with pointed questions being asked about their morals and intentions behind asking for greater freedom. (A friend of mine was once accused of sleeping around with everyone in college when she reached late from a Senate meeting at a famous DU college)
After years of being imposed, the curfew has been normalized. Instead of being offended by the unfairness behind it, female students feel that it’s the way things have been, and while silently rebelling against it, never really take it up with the authorities(it’s way too much effort)
Usually Students’ representatives are the ones who take actions and have the influence with the authorities to bring about change — With the female students being a minority in most Indian colleges, these issues have inadequate representation within student representative bodies, hence usually take a back seat
In Game theory, such a situation is called a Nash equilibrium, where the situation doesn’t change unless you change the players and modify the payoff matrix. As a result of this system, the curfew would never actually get removed — until you introduce new players to the payoff matrix — and I decided to test this in practice. I’m in the Election Commission, I help elect and work with the Student’s Union — so I had enough influence with the right authorities on campus, to take this up(Point 3). I was also male, which meant that I wasn’t really directed affected by the curfew removal, so there wasn’t any scope for denigration (Point 1). I also had an acute overall idea of why exactly the curfew is so dangerous in today’s world, and could convince different stakeholders involved of the dire necessity to remove it (Point 2). If you’re someone in the above three circumstances, you know what to do! Needless to say, it isn’t easy to do, there is a lot of opposition, and odds are not in your favor, but if something is important enough, you should probably try.

Which brings me to the next question :
Why is removing the curfew so important?
One answer : Cultivating female role models.
I founded and am leading a technical student team at BITS Pilani (Hyperloop India). The first stark issue I saw while recruiting for my team and with technical teams like Formula Student, Baja, Robocon, is the stark absence of female students. I initially thought this was because of the proportionately less number of female students on campus. On the other hand, in almost every branch, girls usually outperformed guys in terms of conventional academics, with a higher average CGPA. The contrast was quite startling. However I soon discovered that even though we all claim to be quite progressive, this lack of female representation was because of a subconscious patriarchal mindset that had crept into the minds. Teams and projects like this require extraordinary amounts of time commitment, often late all-nighters, a luxury that we, as guys, often take for granted. However there are multiple cases where the curfew hampers individual productivity and performance of the female residents. Girls who wish to avail the services of Library/canteen/labs post in-time, wish to work on group projects in labs, contribute to post in-time club/department work, perform to their best abilities in leadership roles, get involved in technical teams where work stretches till late at night, are unable to do so because the current procedures makes it difficult for them (as compared to boys) by forcing them to go through the tedious procedure of getting permissions at odd times. This leads to a situation where seniors in projects and teams hesitate to recruit girls fearing their lack of time commitment. The system is attuned to quench the dreams of the female “trailblazers” and “ground-breakers” who do unconventional things — it doesn’t give them an environment to flourish, doesn’t give them incentives, and most of all, imposes stupid hostel restrictions to restrict their activities further. This introduces a dangerous vicious cycle — This means for every successive batch of females, there are less, and less number of female role models doing unconventional, ambitious things to look up to — hence if you’re a female student on campus, you retreat into the docile role of going forward and backward between classes, not questioning the status quo, having been lulled into this false sense of security from some unknown bloodthirsty hyena that emerges after curfew time that you need to be protected from by retreating into a shell.
If you’ve cleared the same mind-numbing, life-scarring, internationally dreaded examination, and have paid the same tuition fees, it makes sense that you should have access to the same opportunities that your male counterparts have. I spent Summer 2016 at MIT, and I once mentioned the existence of a curfew on female hostels back in my college to a TA there — she laughed at the incredulity of it. Rightly so, the top universities around the world have reached where they are because of their commitment to equal opportunities in education and employment.

The MIT website clearly reads :
“…[MIT] does not discriminate against individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion, disability, age, genetic information, veteran status, ancestry, or national or ethnic origin…”
While a brilliant case can be made of our colleges NOT copying the right things from American universities, there is a stronger case to be made against the defeatist patriarchal mentality that the curfew fosters. I asked few of my female friends what they thought about the curfew, and was shocked by some of the responses supporting the curfew I got — “I get off work early”, “It doesn’t affect me much anyway”, “Everybody seems to be okay with it.”, “It’s too much effort to get it removed.”, “It keeps my parents happy”. Here it is important to realize that the restriction on hostel in-time is not a matter of convenience. Its removal represents the freedom for current and future female students to make this choice for themselves, without institute intervention. And this decision-making power is mostly useless and an eyewash for a majority of such female students. However, it is a god-send for a few exceptional people who turn out to be role models. So by removing the curfew, the aim is not just to reduce discrimination, but to lay the groundwork for female role models to go out there and challenge the status quo, do badass stuff, create legacies, set positive examples that our society so badly needs, without asking the hostel warden for permission to do it. This lack of right female role models stems right from school to college and continues right uptil retirement — we have been fed on a culture of rom-coms and fantasy vampire fiction that portrays women as weak, docile creatures that derive their identity from their pursuit and eventual betrothal to a wealthy suitor (Pride and Prejudice, anybody?). We honestly need women to set better examples for the next generation of women. Where are all the best-selling books about the Marie Curies, the Grace Kellys and the Amelia Earhearts? That’s right, nowhere, because sparkling vampires sell better. Another vicious cycle of supply and demand.
I have been fortunate enough to represent my college internationally and bring it recognition — One of most practical arguments to the college authorities was explaining how I wouldn’t have been able to do half the stuff I’m doing if there was a similar restriction on me.
Ok I understand why it’s important. So how do you go about getting the curfew removed?
Conventional approaches to doing this involve protests, marches, rallies and what-not. However these have failed in most places, mostly because the rebellious millenial spirit almost always fails to put itself in the shoes of the different stakeholders (parents, college admin, etc), to understand where they’re coming from, and how to best reach a middle ground. At BITS we did no such thing. The key is to understand and trust college administration to act in the best interests of the students, and the fundamental problem in discussions involved conveying the best interests accurately. Additionally there were stakeholders like parents, who would resist change, and would pressurize the institute authorities to keep the curfew. The trick was to find some way to keep everyone happy.
We first set up a channel of communication with the institute, and understood the administrative viewpoint which was that:
‘Women’s safety’ is not the institute’s primary concern in the removal of the curfew because of two reasons: a)If there is a safety issue, it is equally a concern for both genders and b)The in-time restriction is relaxed during the fests, which have many outstation participants, without any safety breaches.
There seems to be an assumed relation between the discipline imposed due to the in-time and girls’ better academic performance. A similar hostel in-time would have been imposed on boys as well, but there are too many boys’ hostels to carry out such a restriction.
Sections of the administration also believe that girls do not mind the curfew since not many actually express their dissatisfaction.
I then figured that there was a significant gap between what the institute had assumed and what the students really felt, a gap that could only be bridged by statistics, not by argument. With the help of Students’ Union volunteers, and with some previous experience with how voting psychology worked (Election Commission Perks) we conducted a vote — This was an opportunity for female residents to voice both their practical and ideological concerns about having a hostel in-time restriction directly to the institute. A mail was sent alerting female residents of the survey beforehand. (follow link for content of the mail). A door-to-door survey was held in the girls’ hostel by SU members and volunteers over a period of two days, where all female residents(undergraduates and graduates) were asked for “Yes” or “No” responses to two questions — “Should the girls’ hostel in-time restriction be removed?” and “Has the in-time restriction hampered your productivity and performance?”. The responses with signatures of 477(82%) people out of the total 581 residents were recorded, with 104 residents unavailable for comment during the survey. An overwhelming majority of female residents agreed to the removal of the in-time restriction (95.8%) and acknowledged it’s role in hampering their productivity and performance (89.7%). A few things to note about this :
This was a door-to-door survey, as opposed to an online one, meaning everyone had to participate. More data points leads to more meaningful results when majority opinion has to be determined. People who had concerns could talk to physical SU volunteer about it and sort things out on the spot. Everyone has an opinion about the curfew, but faced with an online faceless survey, people are too lazy to express it.
By design, it was not a secret ballot— people could see whether their friends/wingies had voted “Yes” or “No” on the list. This is usually not the best way to conduct votes, but the psychology behind this sort of voting tends to favor group-think. People who were on the fence, went towards the majority opinion — this is useful because when you need to show overwhelmingly large support for your cause, it helps to have 85%+ of people support it.
It was a “Yes” or “No” vote — a black-or-white opinion. This was important because it limits choices and forces you to take a strong principled side. Weeds out the people who would compromise by giving safe in-between answers.
The votes were segregated according to batches. Out of the 184 first and second years surveyed, 177 individuals (96.2%) supported the removal of the in-time restriction, and their opinion was highlighted as important as they are the batches most benefited by its immediate removal. Meanwhile, out of the 199 3rd,4th, and 5th years surveyed, and overwhelming majority 175 (87.9%) felt the in-time restriction had hampered their productivity — their opinion in this mattered the most because they are the batches most affected by this restriction for the past few years.
The administration was surprised with the results of the survey. The survey results to the strategically chosen two questions, dealt with three birds with one stone:
Formed a good statistical case for dissatisfaction among batches who had felt their productivity had been hampered — hence contradicting the belief that the curfew was actually helpful
Formed a good statistical case for it’s removal — a significant majority that was affected by it believed it should be completely removed — hence contradicting the belief that most of the female students were okay with it
Formed a good statistical case against the introduction of a curfew for males — UGC guidelines argue for same rules for both genders, which means that curfew for guys was also one of the compromises
I’m extremely thankful to our current Chief Warden, who engaged in constructive debate and was willing to spend so much of his valuable time to hear us out and eventually agree to a trial run of curfew removal, and eventually permanent removal. It restored my belief in the fact that our institute does truly have the students’ best interests in mind.
No protests. No rallies. No demonstrations. It was amazing that with combined efforts of both students and the administration, a promising middle ground could be reached.
What about parental concerns?
Major roadblocks to remove the curfew involve reluctance from a few parents and hesitation to introduce an untested norm. However, it is unfair to impose restrictions on the wards of all parents based on the views of a few parents. Hence, following the trial period without the in-time, the next step was to officially engage the parent community at large. Female residents were requested to involve their parents in the discussion, and discuss the merits and demerits of the curfew with them to ensure that a positive resolution is reached. Since parents are major stakeholders in this process, after the trial run, a Letter Of Intent was obtained from the parents of a few female wards to accelerate the process of removing the in-time restriction permanently. It was important to have this trial run before the winter vacations because then female wards could convince and get the letter from their parents during the vacations. The important thing about this letter(follow link for content) is that it was phrased not to be a “No-Objection Letter” but as a “Letter of Faith” reaffirming the parent’s faith in their daughter’s decision-making and in the institute’s decision to remove the curfew. An objection is a negative statement, but faith is a positive one. Positive sentiments > Negative Sentiments, hence it is easier to convince even parents who are radically against curfew removal. While a lot of such letters of faith were obtained, they have ultimately not been required because the institute has not reinstated the in-time restriction after the trial run. And while there has been no official communique from the institute about the official removal of the restriction, female students are no longer bound to the strict restrictions put up earlier and can have access to whatever their male counterparts have access to, whenever they wish.
BITS Pilani distinguishes itself from other colleges in India by having no caste-based reservations or management quota in admission or employment. However, today, I’m truly proud to say that this institution no longer discriminates on the basis of gender, making it a truly meritocratic organization. This is not however the norm elsewhere. The Indian Higher Education system has never been renowned for championing the cause of liberal ideals. In a time when youngsters the world over are being given more and more freedom and being inculcated with a greater sense of responsibility, Indian students, especially the women students, still find themselves cocooned and constricted within a framework of archaic rules and regulations which not only limit their freedom and movement, but also inhibits their access to a plethora of opportunities in both academic and leisure spaces. I hope my college’s example will be a catalyst to much-needed change.
In J.R.R. Tolkein’s, 2nd installment of The Lord of The Rings Series, The Two Towers, Aragorn, the warrior protagonist, faces Eowyn, shieldmaden from Rohan who has disguised herself as a man to ride into battle. Here is their conversation:
“I can ride and wield blade, and I do not fear either pain or death.’
‘What do you fear, lady?’ he (Aragorn) asks.
‘A cage,’ she says. ‘To stay behind bars, until use and old age accept them, and all chance of doing great deeds is gone beyond recall or desire.”

Energy/power is an essential requirement in the current world. Be it for manufacturing, transportation, production, or some very simple tasks such as cooking and lighting in our homesteads. For all these, energy is required.
Energy can be from various sources. Hydroelectric power, wind power, tidal waves, nuclear power but my personal favourite, is solar energy. Why? Well there are several benefits:

  • It’s a cheaper alternative. With rising electricity costs around the world and the progressive decline in prices of solar photovoltaic systems, solar energy seems like the best option to invest in.
  • It does not suffer from the frequent power outages. It is only dependent on the intensity of the solar radiation.

Well, that was a brief intro before we delve into the meat of this piece.

1. The 1kW Solar Panel System

Solar energy is described according to its solar PV i.e. peak output capacity. Therefore a 1kW system is a solar panel can produce 1kW or 1000 watts of power on an entirely sunny day when the sun is at its strongest. It is most suitable for households with minimal daytime energy consumption needs or as an addition to an existing system.
This system is slowly being phased out as systems with a larger capacity come into play at only a modestly higher price. It is estimated that this system produces 850kwh a year. This is roughly 25% of an average household annual requirement as most households consume approximately 3000kwh annually.
The 1kW system costs roughly between $2000 to $2500 to install.

Basic Product Description

These parameters are for the stand-alone 1kW photovoltaic system.
The 1kW system has a total photovoltaic module with the capacity to produce 1kW. It is also accompanied by a PV module capacity of 250kwp and four panels. Beyond that, it’s solar PCU i.e. inverter has a capacity of 1kw and two batteries of capacity 150AH*12V. Finally, it requires 50 so. Feet of space and comes it’s advisable to consider one with a support structure.
So, if you are faced with budget constraints, want to add a solar panel system or your energy requirements are relatively small, then this is the system to invest in.

2. The 5kW Solar Panel System

As explained before, solar power is measured according to its solar PV i.e. peak capacity. Therefore this 5kW solar panel system can produce 5000 watts when the sun is at its strongest. I would advise you go for this because it has a higher output.
This system goes for roughly $7000 which translates to $1.37 per watt. Comparing this to the 1kW system which is $1.68 per watt, it is evident you get more value for money from this system. However, the price of this systems depends on the size of the system and the equipment you choose.
The 5kW solar panel system is the most preferred solar system for most households because it can meet an average home's energy requirements and significantly reduces a substantial user’s bill. As an added advantage, it can meet daytime power needs.

According to Eurosolar Group, energy production for these systems depends on factors like:

  • Geographical location of the system, amount of cloud cover as well as the quantity of solar radiation
  • Orientation and tilt angle of the solar panel array
  • Whether the panels have a shade cast and
  • Actual operating temperatures of the panels

During winter peak, the 5kW panel system can produce 15kwh per day if optimally tilted and with an 80% efficiency rate. For the same system, it can produce 26kwh per day during summer under the same conditions, but on average produces 22kwh per day. These are just rough estimates, though.
As for the system design, what you get depends on the company you hired to do the installation. But there are some essential equipment’s that are available on all. If you want the best value for your money, you should look for:

  • 20 panels with more than 20-year warranties,
  • String inverters i.e. solar PCU
  • Racking’s and attachments to fix the panels on your roof
  • Batteries
  • System monitoring so that you can view your energy consumption in real time

The system expected payback period is 3 to for years.

So, which system to invest in? Well, this is primarily based on what you want the system for. If you want one for additional energy, you are facing budget constraints, or for a small household, the 1kw is most suitable for you. However, if you are a big energy consumer, then definitely the 5kW systems. Personally, I would go for the 5kW systems.

When you own a business that deals with a broad range of goods coming in at regular intervals and daily dispatches to your customers, obviously you must have a convenient warehouse to store these and retrieve according to your needs. Real estate in prime business centres come at a stiff price and therefore getting the best out of minimum floor space is the way to go for a warehouse.

drive in pallet racking

The warehouse can grow vertically with the help of pallet racking

Optimal use of the cubic space, as opposed to the square foot, is the way to go to put the available space to its most productive use. Vertical storage is the most convenient option for a wide variety of goods, and even when you have some SKU that should necessarily be stored independently, such segmentation can be conveniently created within the vertical storage.

Understanding pallet racking

Before you set out shopping for pallet racks, it helps to know pallet racking in greater detail. The foremost consideration while choosing a particular type of pallet racking is the available square foot area and the height of the warehouse. Once these attributes are available, it gets a lot easier to design an appropriate Drive-in Pallet Racking system for your needs. Although selective racking is the most commonly employed system, you do have other options drive through racks, push back racks, and flow racks. Each of these variants is designed for specific materials and stock movement types.


How you move stocks matters

Some businesses use the first in a first out system of stock movement while some others use the last in first out system. The best pallet racking system will depend on the manner in which you handle your stocks.

Pallet racking helps you to organise your SKUs more professionally

Pallet racking is by far the best means of organising all your SKUs in a professional way. In turn, this will help you save a significant amount of time, effort and therefore money. Your employees will also appreciate the convenience offered by pallet racking, and that will help you to increase their productivity.


Typical warehouse for multiple businesses

For some people renting out warehouse space itself is the business. In such instances, it is essential that each business has its warehouse space earmarked. With pallet racking, you can not only allocate the required space but also build in the flexibility needed for different companies.

Pallet racking can enhance productivity and profitability

With a professionally organised warehouse employing pallet racking, you will experience increased productivity. You can build great flexibility in space utilisation, stock movement, inventory management, and stocking density. All these together will translate into increased profitability for your business.


Remember that with an overcrowded warehouse your employees will be spending more time finding specific SKUs and fulfilling orders. With an appropriate pallet racking system, you can avoid such situations saving a significant amount of time. It will allow your employees to service more orders within the available time. Similar is the case with misplaced products in the operating aisle or placing multiple SKUs or pallets in storage areas. Conversely, use of pallet racking will ensure that products are stored in specific locations, and the operating aisles are always clear for the purpose for which they are intended. Easy mobility is a key attribute to the efficient functioning of any warehouse.

Receiving and shipping docks

An overcrowded receiving/shipping dock is a sure shot sign of inefficient warehouse management. When the right type of pallet racking system is employed, you will hardly ever experience such situations. It is another great advantage that you will have from using pallet racking system in your warehouse.


Storage density is the key

As you would have noticed by now, pallet racking can utilise every inch of cubic space available in your warehouse. The entire length, breadth and height of the warehouse can be gainfully utilised with pallet racking. It is a great way of optimising space utilisation since your primary costs are almost always aligned with the square foot area that you own or have rented out. Businesses are intended to grow at a steady space. However, your warehouse cannot grow in proportion. But, with pallet racking, you can conveniently plan your growth phases and through appropriate use of pallet racking, grow your business with the same warehouse. Moving warehouses is the last option you would want to consider.

Choosing the right type of pallet racking for you

Now that you have a strong idea of how pallet racking can be a huge help in organising your warehouse, the next step is to identify the right type of pallet racking for you. The digital world is the best place to go shopping, and several vendors will be keen to work with you. Before you start asking some of these vendors to provide a quote, you can prepare a list of questions that you may want to ask. This way, the vendors will also be alert and know that they are dealing with an informed customer.

Choosing your vendor

As with everything else, a price is mostly important, and you must pull out everything in your armoury to do a hard bargaining. However, you must also know why someone is offering a lower price for the same product. There is always a price for experience, expertise and quality. If these attributes are equal, the only reason why someone is pitching level is that he may be new to the business and therefore wants to gain a foothold. Else, you may not be getting what you are expected to get for the money you are spending.

Always insist on testimonials and references and ensure that you check out at least some of the references so that you know you are in safe hands when you finally decide to have the pallet racking system installed in your warehouse.

The roof is one of the major parts of our homes on which our reputation stands. If you have a roof that is leaky, noisy and damaged, it is sure going to turn down many people. That's why you need modern roof restoration which includes all the renovating processes like cleaning, repairing and recoating that will regain your roof back to fresh or original conditions. To make sure that you have the best roof restoration or repair and that your reputation is in place, it is important for you to follow steps of the best roof restoration practices that incorporate methods like inspecting roof, seeking out help, choosing the right option and so forth. Here is a brief roof repair guide based on the experience of best practitioners:

modern roof restoration

Examine your roof

At first, you should review your roof to determine whether or not it’s time for modern roof restoration. You must then identify what is wrong with your roof. Is it broken? Is it damaged due to water, gutters or moss? Is it leaking? After determining the issues with your roof, you get to know what you should notify to the roof restoration specialists.

Choose best modern roof restoration company

There are two major steps for choosing the best roofing company. In the first step, you choose one among the door-to-door salespeople and in the next step; you reach out to the company by yourself. In other words, you must ask the salesperson for the proof of the company they represent and also confirm if the company is authorised or not. Next, you can just turn over Yellow Pages and look up for the company and their contact information. Then, you should call up the company to verify whether the one at your door is genuine or not.

best company

Tell your problems

You should clearly describe all the issues you identified with your roof to your selected Modern Roof Restoration Company or specialist. You should also give them permission to inspect your home, take pictures or anything that is needed before commencing the actual processes.

Quote your price

Although you get quotation describing all the things required to be done along with price at the time of inspection, you might still want to verify it with previous customers of the company before making your decision. You should read the contract carefully and sign it only if you are happy with it. In case you are unsure or confused, the best thing to do will be to go through a few more quotes from other companies and weigh against them. While determining the price that you are going to pay for your roof restoration, you must pay attention to the following things:


Beware of discount

There are tactics roof restoration companies will try to grab your attention and offering discount is certainly one of them. Discounts are quite common among modern roof restoration companies, and they naturally sound pleasant to most of us. Not all discounts are bad, but you should be cautious of top discounts that are deducted from original price that is way too inflated. Tip: Never forget to calculate the final amount of money you need to pay at the end.

Beware of scare tactics

These are another tactics that companies use to sell out their services. Homes are always special for us, but that doesn’t mean we should make an impulsive decision for its restoration all of sudden. If your roof has been running for many years and you are finally about to go for restoration, you can still wait for some more weeks or a month until you find the best company and price. There is no need to hurry or be scared that your roof will collapse. So, keep calm and make the wise decision.

Sign the contract

After gauging all the possibilities, you should narrow down to the one that suits you the best and signs it finally! You ought to make sure that you have read all the terms and conditions and should accept the entire agreement before signing the contract. And always remember to keep a copy of the contract.

Make Payment

Once you have selected the best modern roof restoration company and signed a contract with them, you don’t want to ruin everything again by making payment the wrong way, right? After signing the contract, you will be required to make a deposit or payment by the restoration company as per the terms and conditions of the contract. So the first thing to remember is never to pay in cash. Instead, you should choose to pay a cheque that is payable to the company or use a credit card. Note that your check is marked “Not Negotiable – Account Payee Only” to ensure that the money goes to the right hands. Finally, remember to keep a copy of invoice receipt for your reference.

Cancelling your contract

Sometimes, you might eventually need to cancel the contract which you initially thought was the best option. Having read the contract before signing it allows you to know when you should terminate it before it’s too late. So before the contract reaches its maturity date, you may call or mail the company and request them to cancel it so that they can refund the money if the contract allows it.

Modern roof restoration is an important decision for your home and hence you should make sure that it is done the right way. It requires access to practical tips as mentioned above before you are signing a contract or making a payment because if you fail to do them properly, you might end up facing huge loss or disappointment at the end. Reading terms and conditions beforehand will give you a clear idea of how you should move further even if you want to cancel it. It’s just the way to be fully informed about what you are doing legally. But before everything, go ahead and explore a few restoration companies before you start a contract.

Moving home, and particularly interstate, is not something that we want to do, if we can help it. But then, relocation becomes essential for more reasons than one. A better job, assuming higher responsibilities in the current job, moving to a city with better opportunities for career progression and the list can go on to justify the move. Nevertheless, when we physically get down to the task of moving home, the challenges are nearly the same every time, except that it is more or less at times. When an interstate move is involved, you have a few more things to worry about.

furniture removalist

Except when you are moving within the immediate neighbourhood, the entire exercise of packing, moving, unpacking, related paperwork, and so on, are always best left in the hands of seasoned professionals, like a furniture removalist, rather than attempting a DIY. In the first place, most of us lack the know-how and even the specialised materials required for packing various household belongings will need to be sourced. A professional service provider, on the other hand, will always come equipped with a wide range of materials required to pack nearly everything.

When interstate movement is involved, we also need to worry about the quarantine regulations that apply to some states.


When it comes to moving furniture, isn’t it a bit different from packing your clothes or bed linen? Consider these tips:

In the first place, you need to have a clear strategy for moving furniture to make it trouble-free and smooth. Everything needs advance planning, particularly with respect to the larger household belongings that are difficult to move, like heavy furniture. Making an inventory of all the furniture is the first task before you. It will also help you take stock of all the furniture items and determine if some of them have outlived their tenure and need to be left behind. Remember that moving rickety or broken furniture can cost you significantly more than the cost of acquiring a new one at the new destination. If you need to dispose of some furniture plan that well ahead of your movement schedule.

The next task is to have a floor plan of your new home and determine the placement of various furniture pieces. Remember that precise measurement of each piece of furniture including protrusions if any and odd shapes will be of great help too. Another important aspect is to consider if any of your heavy furniture will have difficulty getting into your new home via the stairway, doors, etc.

picture of removalist

Now we come to exploring professional interstate furniture removalists. Your furniture pieces are required to travel a long distance, and you would expect to see your cherished pieces of furniture in the same state in your new home. The biggest advantage in entrusting the task to a professional is the expertise they bring to the table. Apart from this, they are also equipped with the most appropriate packing material for different items of furniture that you have. Some items may require boxes, while others need crate packing and some more will need soft padding to be provided all around. As a homeowner, most of us cannot be expected to have all these things handy at home. The trouble of going out and procuring these in small quantities is not worth the trouble either.

Choosing your interstate furniture removalist

Now we take help from the digital world to identify some reliable interstate furniture removalists. Obviously, several names will come up, and we cannot work with all of them. Therefore, at random, we will pick 4 or 5 agencies and explore them in greater depth. We can even zero down to 2 or 3 agencies to obtain a quote and move ahead. Remember to check out the testimonials and make a note of the contact information of people who have given the testimonials.

Prepare a list of furniture to be moved with dimensions when possible

Before you start negotiating with the professional furniture removalist, have a list of furniture to be moved and related details ready. This way, your request for quote is clear, and there are no ambiguities. Once the quotes arrive, compare them and make your final decision.

Let everything is written down

Once you have approved the quote and before finally entrusting the task, the service provider should give you a contract or acceptance of your offer in writing detailing the tasks he will undertake for you. Make sure that the deal includes unpacking at a destination, proper placement in your new home, and storing for a couple of days when needed. It is important that you use a magnifier to understand all the fine print and nothing is left to chance.


Interstate movements can face quarantine restrictions/regulations in some states. A professional interstate furniture removalist can provide you with all the required information and work with you to ensure that the required paperwork is complete in a timely manner so that there are no surprises in store.


Moving furniture always result in a series of dismantling and therefore a heap of hardware. While professional furniture removalists will take care of packing the hardware in separate envelopes and marking them appropriately, it helps when you also have a clear knowledge of this process, particularly because the same set of personnel may not be doing the unpacking in your new home.

The unpacking process

It is important that you have a clear program communicated to the professional furniture removalist on receiving the furniture in your new home and unpacking them. Remember that it could generally take 4 to 7 days before an interstate consignment can arrive at the destination. Have your plans clear for a week or more after the furniture moves out and you start off at your new home. Would you be arriving at the new destination ahead of the furniture or would you rather reach after the furniture is ready at the new destination? These are small issues but will have a significant impact on how smoothly the whole operation is carried out.

Professional expertise = peace of mind and freedom from stress.